1. Where is Oman? Locations and its history
Beyond the walls of its capital, Muscat, we can find a safe and pleasant country with transforming panoramas that transit between wilderness and also the warm Indian; and a human population which will get you just like you were a part of it. Oman is a country found in western Asia, on the eastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. It borders the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, with Saudi Arabia towards the west and Yemen to the southwest. The coast, meanwhile, is formed by the Arabian Sea to the south and east, with the Gulf of Oman to the northeast ( More on: https://visaoman.info)
To talk a little bit regarding its history, we have that Oman extends its origins to the Stone Age, given that there are signs of human settlements in the community, particularly in Ras al-Hamra, Al Wattih and Harappa. Additionally, the metropolis appears called for the first time in the 1st century AD. C., specifically when Greeks and Romans documented the existence of a crucial business port, what is now currently known as “Port of Muscat”, a link in between East and West.
What happened to the Sassanid Empire?
The fights for power over the port of Muscat have been constant over the centuries because of its strategic location between the Arabian Sea, the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf. That is to say, many have been the nations that have disputed the possession of the land, so it has been a vital component for the growth and history of the country.
In the 3rd century, after going through the hands of Babylonians and Assyrians, Shapur I started an attack on the port, becoming under Persian rule.
What about the Conversion to Islam?
The Imamate era began when conversion to Islam took place. This took place in the 7th century and in the year 751 the first Imam was already founded. From that point on, this time frame that started and it extended until the middle of the 12th century.
What was the Portugueses in the battles for power over the city?
The Portuguese fleet first found its way to Muscat in 1507, but they were met with shots from the port. The fights for control of the city were destructive, but ultimately the Portuguese dominated for more than a century. It was then that the Muscat fortresses were designed, to defend against maritime strikes. Nonetheless, this did not avoid the conquest of the Turks, which happened twice (in 1552 and from 1581 to 1588.)
What about the Yaruba Dynasty?
In 1624, Nasir bin Murshid was elected imam of Oman, he was the one who expelled the Portuguese and was accountable for uniting the country. He was also the creator of the Yaruba dynasty and from it all of the rulers of Oman emerged until 1749. It was a time of fantastic territorial expansion since they conquered metropolitan areas of East Africa such as Mombasa or Zanzibar.
What do we know about the Al Said Dynasty?
Declivity came in the midst of the 18th century, after having a civil war and also the continuous incursions of the Persian king Nadir Shah. At that time, there was a power vacuum that led to theemergence of the Al Said dynasty. The most significant leader of the 19th century was Said bin Sultan; he heightened military superiority and defeated Zanzibar.
How were your internal disputes?
Conflicts between tribes in the Oman and the Sultanate resurfaced in the 20th century, culminating in 1962 with the Dhofar rebellion. Sultan Said bin Taimur had to request great britain for help to quell the revolts and even had to transfer his house from Muscat to Salalah.
Qaboos bin Said
On July 23, 1970, Qaboos bin Said (son of the Sultan) started a coup d’etat and overthrew his father. Ever since then, it has the absolute power of the nation, renowned as Sultanate of Oman. No, he is also Prime Minister, Minister of Defense, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of Finance. His official residence is in the Al Alam Palace.